Old square of Chichen
Mayan Cities in virtual reality
sacred city of the Itza, is located 75 miles east of Merida, the
Capital of the State of Yucatan, Mexico. This archaeological site is
rated among the most important of the Maya culture and covers an
area of approximately six square miles where hundreds of buildings
Many temples and palaces of Chichen Itza were constructed in the
traditional Puuc Maya style. These buildings can be found in the
"Old Chichén" section of the city and most are dedicated to the rain
god Chac.This style is quite similar to the palaces at the Puuc
sites of Kabah, Sayil, Labná and Xlapak.These sites was built in the
late Classic period.
The" New Chichen" is situated north of "Old chichen"and
this section of city is mixture of Maya and Toltec styles.
It seems that the "Old Chichen" is older than The New Chichen.
Places of central Mexico was built in Toltec style during
postclassic period.Some believe that the Toltecs(Tula -around the
years 968-1168 A.D) invaded the Itza at Chichen and forced their
architecture and belief system on them. But It is probable that most
constructions was built around the turn of the 9th century. Old
sites was empty in the north Yucatan in this time.Traditional
Yucatan clans and incomers (Mayas affected by Central Mexico
culture) built the Cosmopolitan Chichen Itza. The same situation
occurred in the Mayapan 300 years later.
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